Electric cars sound like a new idea, but it is not. You see, the heart of an electric car is an electric motor, and electric motors have long been available. Electric motors in cars are much simpler than internal combustion engines. They are so simple that you don’t need a huge engine compartment filled with an engine, gearbox, alternator, cables, battery, etc. Instead, you have a simple electric motor, a large battery, and a very simple transmission system. Electric motors can move by the wheels to create a much simpler transmission system.
All technological differences between an electric car and a gasoline car are under the hood; therefore, you must open the mask to know how it works. For those who have gasoline cars, their engine compartment contains so many boxes and pipes that it looks like complicated plumbing, but in electric cars, it is different and will look like an electric job. The car will drive electric wheels, and this engine will be different from a traditional gasoline engine.
The electric motor directly consumes electricity and starts to rotate, which means that the output power is instantaneous, and you can enjoy maximum power from the start. However, these engines have a drawback when it comes to mountain climbing. This system will not provide enough energy for rough surfaces, and electric vehicle manufacturers around the world are working hard to solve this problem. Traditionally, electric motors were powered by ordinary car batteries, which did not work long. However, this problem was solved with the help of modern car batteries, which allow you to ride on environmentally friendly vehicles for a long time.
Working principle of electric car
The electric car has an AC charger that charges the battery. After starting the engine, power will be supplied directly from the battery to the vehicle. Instead of a gas electrometer, he will have a voltmeter that will show your charge. If the voltmeter warns of a low battery, you must immediately charge the car. The Electric car engine has no clutch, as it has limited power control. Instead of an accelerator, it is a potentiometer that allows you to increase or decrease speed.
For the air conditioner to work, an additional battery will be required, and for the heater, a water heater will be installed in the engine compartment. Electric windows and other accessories also use electricity and are replaced. The potentiometer used in an electric car is similar to a fan regulator and works on the principle of resistance. However, increasing or slowing down may not help you increase or decrease mileage, as the output power and power consumption will be the same.
This is the Working principle of electric cars; this is a very simple rule. There is no doubt that electric cars can help you save a lot of money on fuel.